Introduction to Philosophy

Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.Complete assignment is available for download. assignment consist on these topics:What is Philosophy? Objectives of Philosophy, Aspects of Philosophy, Different school of thoughts in philosophy, Philosophy of education and its importance.

Overview of  Introduction to Philosophy Assignment:

 

What is philosophy   ?

Philosophy is the study of general and fundamental problems, such as those connected with reality, existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language

Humans have always asked questions about the “stuff” around us. Some of the questions were practical, asking what we could use for food or clothing. Other questions were concerned with what we use to build shelter. Money is always important, so gold and silver were of great interest.

Other questions humans have asked dealt with more basic issues. What is all this “stuff” made of? Today we can go into a laboratory and measure what is in a particular material. This ability was not available until the last couple of centuries.

The ancient philosophers thought a lot about many issues. Philosophers ask difficult questions and try to answer them. Philosophers think and discuss questions. They don’t go into the lab to find answers. For many centuries there were no labs to do research in. Thinking about questions was the only approach available.

When we talk about philosophy, we are really referring to the thoughts and ideas that began in Asia Minor around 600 B.C. The word “philosophy” comes from the Greek words philein, which means “to love” and soph, which means “wisdom.” So “philosophy” literally means the “love of wisdom.”

Introduction to Philosophy

Introduction to Philosophy

Objectives of philosophy

  • Problem-solving and critical thinking skills
  • An ability to think independently
  • An ability to analyze current issues, practice and ideology
  • An understanding of philosophical basis for the practice of education
  • Foster an appreciation of the power of philosophical deliberation and application of philosophical methods a way of resolving issues in education.
  • Inquire into questions of value, meaning and truth as they relate to education
  • Inquire into questions of value, meaning and truth as they relate to education

Aspects of Philosophy

  • Epistemology
  • Ontology
  • Axiology

Axiology

Axiology (theory of value): the inquiry into the nature, criteria, and metaphysical

status of value. Axiology, in turn, is divided into two main parts:

ethics and esthetics.

Although the term “axiology” is not widely used outside of philosophy,

the problems of axiology include (1) how values are experienced, (2) the

kinds of value, (3) the standards of value, and (4) in what sense values can

be said to exist. Axiology, then is the subject area which tries to answer

problems like these:

  1. How are values related to interest, desire, will, experience, and means to-?

End?

  1. How do different kinds of value interrelate?
  2. Can the distinction between intrinsic and instrumental values be maintained?
  3. Are values ultimately rationally or objectively based?
  4. What is the difference between a matter of fact and a matter of value?

There are two main subdivisions of axiology: ethics and esthetics. Ethics

involves the theoretical study of the moral valuation of human action—it’s

not just concerned with the study of principles of conduct. Esthetics involves

the conceptual problems associated with the describing the relationships among our feelings and senses with respect to the experience of art and nature.

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Introduction to Philosophy

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