Stress and Stress Management

A complete assignment on “Stress and Stress Management” is available on Assignment describes the following topics in detail:Types of stress, stress management, causes of stress,strain and relief, stress management techniques, stress management in the workplace, characteristics of effective Stress Managers, solutions and recommendations, how to manage family stress? Stress in educational environment,solution of stress, stress in psychology, can stress and anxiety cause nausea? What are the causes of hypertension? Is stress an emotion or a feeling?

Overview of Stress and Stress Management Assignment Assignment:


Causes of stress

The situations and pressures that cause stress are known as stressors. We usually think of stressors as being negative, such as an exhausting work schedule or a rocky relationship. However, anything that puts high demands on you or forces you to adjust can be stressful. This includes positive events such as getting married, buying a house, going to college, or receiving a promotion.

Of course, not all stress is caused by external factors. Stress can also be self-generated, for example, when you worry excessively about something that may or may not happen, or have irrational, pessimistic thoughts about life.

What causes stress depends, at least in part, on your perception of it. Something that’s stressful to you may not faze someone else; they may even enjoy it. For example, your morning commute may make you anxious and tense because you worry that traffic will make you late. Others, however, may find the trip relaxing because they allow more than enough time and enjoy listening to music while they drive.

Common external causes of stress

  • Major life changes
  • Work or school
  • Relationship difficulties
  • Financial problems
  • Being too busy
  • Children and family

     Common internal causes of stress

  • Chronic worry
  • Pessimism
  • Negative self-talk
  • Unrealistic expectations/Perfectionism
  • Rigid thinking, lack of flexibility
  • All-or-nothing attitude
Stress and Stress Management

Stress and Stress Management

Not all stress can be avoided, but by learning how to say no, distinguishing between “should” and “musts” on your to-do list, and steering clear of people or situations that stress you out, you can eliminate many daily stressors. Finding the stress management techniques that work effectively for you in the stressful situations that arise throughout your life can be a powerful resource for health promotion.

Rank Order of Identified Stresses

  1. Lack of time to accomplish tasks
  2. Disruptive students
  3. Non Teaching duties
  4. Student apathy
  5. Dealing with multi ability students
  6. Financial pressures
  7. Lack of support from parents/community
  8. Lack of positive feedback from administrators
  9. Lack of input into curricular/administrative decisions
  10. Lack of recognition for teaching excellence
  11. Lack of colleague support. (Donna, 1985)

Stress Management

“Stress management is a popular term, and has been in common use by the lay public and mental health professionals for many years. The term “stress” has appeared in medical and medically-related literature since 1956, when Hans Selye developed the concept of stress to explain the physiological response of people to various environmental stimuli. Considerable research was conducted in the area of epidemiology in public health departments throughout the country. A later development in stress research concerns the personality type and other psychological characteristics of individuals, particularly men, who respond to stress situations with physiological breakdown, e.g., cardiac disease, peptic ulcers, and other psychosomatic disorders.” (Coffman, 1982)

Stress is a mental or psychological condition which affects the physiological conditions o human beings in the form of various diseases like: heart attack, psychosomatic disorder, high blood pressure and many more.

Parenting Stress

Children bring happiness and fun, but also can be exhausting. Becoming a parent dramatically changes your daily routine and sleep pattern, bringing many new pressures.

Whether you stay at home or work, are single or married, have one child or six, the challenges are enormous. Staying calm and collected all the time is an impossible goal. Small hassles can add up until you are ready to burst.

Recognizing Symptoms

A certain amount of family stress is inevitable. It is how a family handles and copes with stress that is truly important. Families can (and some do) develop effective coping skills for handling stress.

How do we know if our family is experiencing stress? Probably the best way is through the individual impressions of family members. Thinking about the general pace of your family life can be helpful. Families under stress may report some of the following:

  • sense of urgency
  • little time to spend together
  • sense of frustration (too much to do)
  • desire for the simpler life
  • never time to relax
  • explosive arguments
  • bickering (disputing)
  • conversations centered on time and tasks, rather than people and feelings
  • meals eaten in haste
  • constant rushing from place to place
  • escaping into work or other activity
  • isolation in room
  • sense of guilt

On the other hand, less stressed families seem to find time to enjoy and support each other, display more flexibility, have reasonable expectations, communicate regularly with each other, set priorities, and view stress as a challenge that is both temporary and controllable. It is never too late to learn coping strategies.

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Stress and Stress Management

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