A complete research article on children rights in Pakistan is available. Article is related to children rights in Pakistan, situation of child rights in Pakistan, categories of children rights, violation of children’s rights in Pakistan, child labor, child abuse, The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC), protection of child right, incorporation of the Committee on the Rights of the Child in domestic law, Laws for protection of the Rights of the Child, UNICEF, Ministry of Social Welfare and Special Education, National Commission for Child Welfare and Development , Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs, SPARC, domestic violence against children in Pakistan and school violence in Pakistan. Complete Research article is available for download.
Summary of Children Rights in Pakistan and Violence Against Children:
Definition of Child:
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child defines child as“A human being below the age of 18 years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier”
The problem lies within the legal system in Pakistan that does not have a standard definition of a child, creating many loopholes for exploitation.Under the Majority Act 1875, a child is defined as a person under 18 years of age, while the Employment of Children Act 1991 defines as A “child” as a person below 14 years of age and an “adolescent” as a person below 18 years of age.
The Constitution of Pakistan considers the minimum age of a child as 14 years, and although the 18th amendment actually raised the minimum age up to 16 years, the labor laws were not amended, and contradiction continues.As per Article 25(A) of the Constitution, the state now has to provide compulsory education to all children between the ages of five and 16 years, which means that a child can’t be allowed to work before 16 years of age.
Children rights in Pakistan:
The Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights—civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. In 1989, world leaders decided that children needed a special convention just for them because people under 18 years old often need special care and protection that adults do not. The leaders also wanted to make sure that the world recognized that children have human rights too.
The Convention sets out these rights in 54 articles and two Optional Protocols. It spells out the basic human rights that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. The four core principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child. Every right spelled out in the Convention is inherent to the human dignity and harmonious development of every child. The Convention protects children’s rights by setting standards in health care; education; and legal, civil and social services.
Pakistan ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child on 12 November 1990, making a reservation on interpreting its provisions following the principles of Islamic laws and values. In 1997 Pakistan decided to withdraw its reservation, which marks the intention to unconditionally implement Children’s rights in Pakistan. The State report does not mention Pakistan’s signature, in September 2001, of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict as well as of the Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography since the report was submitted to the Committee prior to that date. Considering the relevance in the South-Asian region of these issues, it is hoped that Pakistan will quickly ratify these two protocols.
Pakistan is a party to three other international instruments aiming at directly or indirectly improving the rights of the child
We need the government, the public, the civil society and NGOs to come together and do everything possible to rectify the situation. As a former secretary general of the UN, Kofi Annan, once said: “There is no duty more important than ensuring that children’s rights are respected, that their welfare is protected, that their lives are free from fear and want and that they can grow up in peace.”
With around 35 per cent of Pakistan’s population aged 15 or below, the government must take the issue of child rights seriously. The center and the provinces need a coordinated policy in this regard, with proper legislation on child rights and making sure that existing laws are fully implemented.
Children are the future of any society but the way we are treating ours is shameful and a disgrace for humanity. If we want our country to progress and move forward in the right direction, it is important that we protect child rights. By neglecting their rights, we are paving the way for a disastrous future for the country.
Representative of NGO Spark Fatima Nasir Raja said that Pakistan was one of the major producers of food and fifth largest producer of milk but its children had been suffering because of the malnutrition.
Violence against Children:
In Pakistan, child marriages frequently happen within deprived country community. Young woman brood is particularly helpless in the direction of immature marriage. Youthful brides are uncovered in the direction of vicious as well as existence intimidating form of aggression with household hostility, sexual mistreatment as well as reproductive healthiness complication related through in the early hour’s sexual movement along with childbearing. The broad collectively usual perform of untimely otherwise teen wedding is visibly a disobedience of the constitutional rights of the child furthermore a dangerous long-established perform.
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