A complete research project on human rights violation in Sri Lanka or lankasri is available. Project report includes the following topics: human rights and human rights violations in Sri Lanka, lankasri human rights violations, rights of the people in Sri Lanka, ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka, ethnic problems in lankasri,sri lanka conflict, ethnic crisis in Sri Lanka, ethnic strife and politics in Sri Lanka, civil war of Sri Lanka, lankasri civil war, Tamil Tigers, lanka sri Tamil, Tamil war and human rights.
Overview of Human Rights Violation in Sri Lanka Project:
Sri Lanka has been associated with bloodshed and human rights violation from two decades. A civil war that was considered as an uncontrollable had taken a lives of both Sinhalese and Tamils. Although tensions increased in 1983 but the origin of this ethnic conflict traces its origins back to the 5 century BC.
Origins of the Ethnic Conflict
- Pre Colonial Sri Lanka
People probably think that the war in Sri Lanka was started with the upheaval created in 1980’s.But Sri Lankan knows that the clashes were not started from British colonialism but it traces back to the invasion of south Indians before Christ. Tamil KING ELLARE invaded Sri Lanka,, however his rule was for a shorter period as he was defeated by KING DUTUGAMUNU of Sinhalese but this invasion was the starting point of ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka
- Western Invasion of Sri Lanka
Europeans also came to Sri Lanka after Indian invasion. Portuguese were the first who came, then Dutch and British were last. Arrival of British was later became the main reason of conflict between Tamils and Sinhalese. Because British frontiers had invariably created a foundation concerning illustration on huge number of Sinhalese as they felt that the Tamil were provided partial treatment by the British because they wanted to use their “divide What’s more conquer” strategy to Sri Lanka. Tamil minority was at disadvantage when Sri Lanka got independence from British rule in 4th Feb ’1948 because this was an end of favoritism for Tamil minority from British and they were just a tight spot for Sri Lankan.
EU and Human Rights violation In Sri Lankan Civil War:
During the Sri Lankan civil war, both Sri Lankan government forces and LTTE has committed gross human rights abuses. However, Libertarian Tigers of Tamil Elam (LTTE) are known as one of the most brutal and dangerous terrorist groups in Sri Lanka who had repeatedly violated the International Humanitarian law and exposed the captured civilians to a horrific destiny.12 The LTTE held the civilian hostage and used them as human shields and also recruited child soldiers. Enforced disappearances, torture and there are also reports of extensive sexual assault on Tamil civilians in the surrounded area by government forces. Many people remained detained without charge or trail. Many Independent journalists and Human Rights defenders have been attacked. Hospitals were shelled repeatedly; access to food, water and medicine was blocked for people. Both the government and the LTTE in many cases have shown a deliberate neglect to the basic human rights. The ‘ethnic cleansing’ of
Tamils by Sri Lankan government is also not justified under International Humanitarian Law. At the end of the Sri Lankan Civil War, the European Union responds to these human rights violations. This shows that the EU is ‘acting tough’ in this case. Certainly, European Union has taken few important steps to force the Sri Lankan government. EU thought that it might exert a significant influence on Sri Lanka, as it is the Lankasri largest export market and fourth largest donor. Despite of the EU’s critical stance.
ROLE OF OUTSIDERS IN SRI LANKAN CIVIL WAR:
There were a number of countries that played their role in the Sri Lankan civil war some a positive and others as negative.Let us discuss their role.
India is the neighbor of Sri Lanka and played a great role in the sri conflict. Sri Lanka was comprised of
- Sinhalese, Buddhist 74% who migrated from Bengal to this land
- Sri Lankan Tamils known as Tami Tigers who made 15% of the population
Sri Lankan Moors who are Muslims with some influence in their linguistics from Arabic, they want to be known as a separate entity but Tamil Tigers want them to be known as Tamils.
However the Indian state of Tamil Nadu has 55 million Tamil they all have close ties with Sri Lankan Tamils.India got involved in the issue due to a number of reasons like its desire to become the regional power then it was time of cold war and world was divided in US block and USSR block, India was with USSR and Sri Lanka sided with Pakistan an open alley of US so India had to break that tie and India also worried about its own Tamils who were strongly supporting the Sri Lankan Tamils for their independence
ROLE OF PAKISTAN:
Pakistan does not share close ties with the Lankasri population like India but still helped the Sri Lankan government probably to upset the Indians .Pakistan helped the Lankasri government by providing them with high technology weapons and intelligence services against the LTTE but nothing was documented. This became public in 1997. From 1999-2008, after China Pakistan was the biggest supplier of armed forces to Sri Lanka with the sail of 22 Al-Khalid tanks to Lankasri in 2006. Colonel Bashir Wali Muhammad of ISI was attacked but he survived the blast and LTTE was blamed for it. In 2008 Pakistan also gave military aid of almost 100 million dollars and was using LTTE against India as well to some extent.
ROLE OF SRI LANKAN LEADERS:
For long the two ethnic communities were living together with their all differences. Sinhalese and Tamils known as Tamil Tigers, both migrated from India one from North and the second from south to the island. Sinhalese were Buddhist while Tamils were Hindus who later changed to Christianity. Though they had fought before but that was for power struggle not ethnic reasons but in 1944 when a resolution was moved in the assembly for to make Sinhalese as the official language thus depriving the Tamils. In 1956, S.W.R.D Bandaranaike was elected Prime Minister, he urged in his campaign that he would implement the law of Sinhalese as the official language and through “Sinhalese Only Bill” (Official Language Act, No. 33 of 1956) he did that as well.
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