A research report on “Human Rights and UN Human Rights Council” is available for download. This report covers the following topics: UNHRC, United Nations human rights commission, UN Human Rights Council headquarter and members, UN Human Rights Council resolutions, UN Human Rights Council mandate, Special commissions, Most Important Sessions, Human Rights Violations cases covered, Complaint Procedure, Universal Periodic Review, UPR session and UPR working group.
Overview of Human Rights and United Nation Human Rights Council:
Introduction: what is UNHRC?
The UNHRC is an inter-governmental party within the United Nations system accountable for increasing the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for talking about situations of human rights violations and make suggestions on them. It has the power to discuss all thematic human rights concerns and conditions that require its attention throughout the year. It meets at the UN Office at Geneva. The Council is comprised of 47 United Nations Member States which are selected by the UN General Assembly. The Human Rights Council replaces the previous United Nations Commission on Human Rights.
Most Important Sessions and Human Rights Violations cases covered:
The UNHRC no less than three expected sessions a year in March, June and September. Human rights council can any time decide to organize special or important session to speak for human rights abuse and emergencies if one third of state parties requests. Till now there have been 24 important sessions.
Council Special Sessions calls upon vital human rights conditions happening between Regular Sessions. Important Sessions normally occupy a few days, with programs of work paying attention on the debate of the burning human rights situation raised and negotiations around the final declaration to be approved by the Council.
The UNHRC has talked to clashes consisting of the Israeli-Palestinian disagreement and also deals with rights-related positions in states such as in Burma, Guinea, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Syria, Libya, Iran, and Sri Lanka. The UNHRC also attended special human rights concerns such as independence of union and gathering, liberty of expression, choice of faith and religion, women’s rights, and the rights of ethnic and cultural minorities.
These some of important sessions are covered for avoiding further human rights violations in Burundi, terrorist attacks and abuse of human rights by terrorist group in boko haram, situation in Iraq, grave abuse of human rights in Palestine, African republic, Syrian republic, Libya, recovery procedure in Haiti after earthquake, human rights situation in Congo and Sri lanka, negative impact of deterioration of world food.
UNHRC Mandate, Working And Members:
The resolution of the Council gave it the following main responsibilities:
- To encourage universal admiration for the protection of all human rights and basic liberties for all, without discrimination of any kind and in a fair and equal manner.
- To talk about conditions of violations and abuse of human rights, including serious and systematic violations.
- To promote efficient coordination and mainstreaming of human rights within the United Nations system
- To promote human rights edification and learning, advisory services, technical assistance, and faculty building.
- To serve as a platform for dialogue on thematic issues on all human rights.
- To make proposals to the UN General Assembly for the further development of international law in the field of human rights.
- To encourage the full realization by UN member states of their human rights duties and commitments.
- To take on a universal periodic review of all UN member state’s completion of its human rights obligations and commitments.
- To donate, through dialogue and cooperation, toward the avoidance of human rights violations and react punctually to human rights crisis.
The resolution demands that the Council’s work “shall be guided by the values of universality, impartiality, independence and non-selectivity, constructive international dialogue and cooperation with a view to enhance the promotion and defense of all human rights”
To turn out to be a member, a state must get the votes of at least 96 of the 191 states of the UN General Assembly (an absolute majority). In electing Council members, the declaration gives that General Assembly members “shall take into account the applicants’ part to the promotion and security of human rights and their charitable pledges and promises made there to.” An extra deliberation should be whether the given applicant country can meet the duties of Council membership, which include:
- To uphold the uppermost standards in the campaign and protection of human right.
- To fully lend a hand with the Council.
The commission has 47 seats, given among the UN’s five local groups as follows: 13 from the African Group, 13 from the Asian Group, 6 from the Eastern European Group, 8 from the Latin American and Caribbean Group, and 7 from the Western European and Others Group.
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