Complete research report on suicide bombing and suicide attacks, history and origin of suicide bombing, first suicide bomber, religious reasons for terrorism, effects of terrorism and the solution of suicide bombing and terrorist attacks is available for download. This research also includes definition of suicide terrorism, religion of terrorism , toot causes of terrorism and mental condition of terrorists. Complete research report(PDF) with special case study of Lahore, Pakistan is available for download.
Summary of Terrorist Attacks and Suicide Bombing in Public Places:
Suicide attack, or suicide bombing, in which the attacker has no hope to survive after accomplishing his mission, is not a new phenomenon. It has been with us since WWII. It is a type of warfare which is adopted by disgruntled people.The present and the second half of the last century have seen it developing into an efficient killing machine. The motivation for such attacks could be nationalist, religious or idealism. The first modern suicide bombing occurred in Iran in 1980 when 13-year old Hossein Fahmideh detonated himself as he ran up to an Iraqi tank at a key point in a battle of the IranIraq War. Lebanon, during its civil war, saw a modern suicide bombing: Suicide bombing has, since 1993, been a particularly popular tactic among some Palestinian groups, including Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and the Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade. Bombers affiliated with these groups often use “suicide belts”, explosive devices (often including shrapnel) designed to be strapped to the body under clothing. In order to maximize the loss of life, the bombers may seek out city buses crowded with people at rush hour, or less commonly a military target (for example, soldiers).
The first suicide attack in Pakistan was occurred in the country’s capital Islamabad in 1995 when the bomber rammed his explosives-laden truck into the embassy of Egypt which killed 14 people. The bomber was Egyptian. The second bomber was Pakistani who attacked French engineers outside of Karachi’s Sheraton Hotel in May 2002. 14 people including 11 French engineers were killed in this attack.
The evidence from the database largely discredits the common wisdom that the personality of sucide bombers and their religion are the principal cause. It shows that though religion can play a vital role in recruiting and motivating potential future suicide bombers, the driving force is not religion but a cocktail of motivations including politics, humiliation, revenge, retaliation and altruism. The configuration of these motivations is related to the specific circumstances of the political conflict behind the rise of suicide attacks in different countries.
Apart from one demographic attribute – that the majority of suicide bombers tend to be young
males – the evidence has failed to find a stable set of demographic, psychological, socioeconomic and religious variables that can be causally linked to suicide bombers’ personality or socioeconomic origins. With the exception of a few cases, their life stories show no apparent connection between violent militant activity and personality disorders. Typically, most suicide bombers are psychologically normal and are deeply integrated into social networks and emotionally attached to their national communities. Randomly attached labels such as “mad” denote one’s inability to fathom the deeper reasons but don’t advance our understanding of the causes of the phenomenon of suicide bombing. Rather, they impede us from discovering its real nature, purpose and causes.
“Religiously and nationalistically coded attitudes
towards acceptance of death, stemming from
long periods of collective suffering, humiliation
and powerlessness enable political organizations
to offer suicide bombings as an outlet for their
people’s feelings of desperation, deprivation,
hostility and injustice”.
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